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When Adam remodelled the Long Gallery, his aim was to create a with-drawing or ladies room. Ladies in the 18th century were expected to retire from the dining table to the Red Drawing Room, progressing through to the Long Gallery, from where they should not be disturbed by the sounds of the revelry of the gentlemen in the Dining Room.
Adam's true genius is revealed in this 136ft long room. Its original Jacobean wood panelling was replaced by delicate plasterwork and "finished in a style to afford variety and amusement" especially for the ladies. From the eleven windows there is a spectacular view over the last tidal water-meadow on the river Thames.